THE OUTBREAK

Monthly Archives: November 2013

Scientists at the Institute for Genome Sciences at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and physicians at Sinai Hospital, Baltimore, MD, have found that restoring the normal, helpful bacteria of the gut and intestines may treat patients suffering from recurrent Clostridium difficile infections. Transplanting fecal matter of healthy donors into patients with recurrent C. difficile infection (RCDI) appears to restore normal bacterial composition and resolve infection. C. difficile, one of the… Read More

Health officials are investigating an increase in reported cases of the liver disease hepatitis C among young people in Park County, with evidence suggesting that needle sharing among intravenous drug users might be to blame. The probe came after 56 new reports of hepatitis C [virus] infections were logged in the county in 2012, a figure that exceeds the state average and is about double the number of the year before, The… Read More

The latest population projections from the United Nations, announced in a new report last summer, estimate that the world’s population will reach 9.6 billion people by mid-century, and 11 billion by 2100. The sheer number of people, their interactions with animals and ecosystems, and the increase in international trade and travel are all factors that will likely change the way humanity deals with preventing and treating epidemics, experts say. In fact, the unprecedented… Read More

A study of 2,519 Kenyan men conducted by researchers at the University of North Carolina revealed that infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV) was associated with a higher subsequent risk of infection with HIV, a precursor to AIDS. The study, published online by the journal AIDS, was authored by Jennifer Smith, PhD, MPH, research associate professor with the Gillings School of Global Public Health and member of the UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer… Read More

Eric England’s new infection-horror warns of the risks of unprotected sex. The film looks like a horror-satire about sexually transmitted infections, with some seriously hyperbolic symptoms. Release Date: Nov 22, 2013 Limited Follow THE OUTBREAK for a review, coming soon.

Experts say the next few months, significantly increased risk of human infection of avian influenza H7N9. Translated from a Chinese news source: Since entering China in autumn and winter the number of cases of human infection with H7N9 emergence of bird flu, experts said recently, is expected in the coming months.  Cases of human infection with H7N9 avian influenza risk will be increase significantly and remind us that early next Winter and … Read More

The GAVI Alliance is to begin providing support for the introduction of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) as part of routine immunisation programmes in the world’s 73 poorest countries, GAVI’s Board decided today. This decision will enable the Alliance to help countries reach more children with important vaccines, and play a complementary role supporting the efforts of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) in eradicating polio as… Read More

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved the first adjuvanted vaccine against H5N1 influenza, a product destined for the US government’s pandemic emergency stockpile. It is also the nation’s first adjuvanted flu vaccine to gain FDA clearance. The vaccine, made by a Canadian subsidiary of GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), is indicated for use in people age 18 and older who are at increased risk of exposure to H5N1 avian influenza, the FDA… Read More

The World Health Organization (WHO) said in a report today that the continuing outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) cases is probably being sustained, as some researchers have suggested, by a combination of human-to-human transmission and spillover from animals or other non-human sources—not one or the other. In its latest summary and literature update, the WHO also agreed that many MERS-CoV cases are probably going undetected and warned that this… Read More

Wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) has been confirmed in Cameroon, the first wild poliovirus in the country since 2009. Wild poliovirus was isolated from two acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) cases from West Region. The patients developed paralysis on 1 October and 19 October 2013. Genetic sequencing indicates that these viruses are linked to wild poliovirus last detected in Chad in 2011. An emergency outbreak response plan is being finalized, including at least… Read More