THE OUTBREAK

Monthly Archives: September 2014

In the fight against Ebola, mapping fruit bat habitats could be one important step, says a geoinformatics researcher at Sweden’s Royal Institute of Technology. Like the Black Death that ravaged medieval Europe, the Ebola virus’ progress through remote areas of West Africa is enabled by lack of understanding about the disease, including its causes and transmission. Mapping technology however will give responders to the crisis in Africa the upper hand in stopping… Read More

CHICAGO (September 10, 2014) – Nationally, hand hygiene adherence by healthcare workers remains staggeringly low despite its critical importance in infection control. A study in the October issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA), found that healthcare workers’ adherence to hand hygiene is better when other workers are nearby. “Social network effects, or peer effects, have been associated with smoking, obesity,… Read More

A genetic region responsible for red blood cell invasion was among a small number of areas found to differ between the genomes of malaria parasites that affect chimpanzees and Plasmodium falciparum, the parasite responsible for the deaths of more than half a million children each year. Out of a genome of approximately 5,500 genes, researchers found that most genes have directly equivalent counterparts between the human and primate parasites. However, portions of… Read More

KUNMING, Sept. 7 (Xinhua) — As rabies sweeps across dog populations in China’s southwest Yunnan province almost 5,000 canines have been culled in an anti-rabies campaign. With 5 human deaths in the past three months, the municipal government in Baoshan City is carrying out a campaign to stop the threat, with more than 4,900 dogs killed and 100,000 vaccinated. The human casualties, one in July and four in August, were reported in… Read More

The recall of raw pork products due to possible E. coli contamination has been expanded to more stores in Calgary and Edmonton. Raw pork products bought at Trimming Fresh Meat (6219 Centre St. N.W.) between July 15 and July 22 and products from Hiep Hoa Asian Food (4710 17 Ave S.E.) between July 15 and July 29 should be thrown out or returned to the store where they were purchased. According to… Read More

The Ebola outbreak in West Africa has killed 2,288 people, with half of them dying in the last three weeks, the World Health Organization (WHO) says. It said that 47% of the deaths and 49% of the total 4,269 cases had come in the 21 days leading up to 6 September. The health agency warned that thousands more cases could occur in Liberia, which has had the most fatalities. The outbreak, which… Read More

Using tracer viruses, researchers found that contamination of just a single doorknob or table top results in the spread of viruses throughout office buildings, hotels, and health care facilities. Within 2 to 4 hours, the virus could be detected on 40 to 60 percent of workers and visitors in the facilities and commonly touched objects, according to research presented at the 54th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC), an infectious… Read More